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Shurijo Castle proud of dignified appearance to as King of Ryukyu state politics, diplomacy, center of culture.
Shurijo Castle which came to trifle by the Battle of Okinawa of 1945 was restored in commemoration of the mainland return 20th anniversary of Okinawa as state-run park in 1992.
In addition, it was said to unique architecture and making a rock garden technology that fused that China and Japanese construction of a castle culture were worth being like the high cultural history, and they were registered with Shurijo Castle trace as the eleventh world heritage in Japan in December, 2000.
The figure colored by vivid cinnabar red is majestic figure telling the history of kingdom, breath of culture, and it may be said that it is symbol itself of Okinawa.
Shurijo Castle is castle symbolizing the history, culture of Okinawa, and the history of Shurijo Castle is history itself of Ryukyu kingdom.
Shurijo Castle is located on the small hill and is surrounded in castle wall representing curve, and many facilities are built in that. We have many open spaces, and religious sacred place exists again, too. It was not limited to Shurijo Castle, and these characteristics were characteristics to be common to castle of Okinawa called gusuku. We lost for competition with Shurijo Castle, and other gusuku had fallen, but Shurijo Castle accomplished new development while maintaining characteristic of gusuku.
Shurijo Castle is greatly divided into second enclosure (inside castle) and outer fence (outside castle), and, in the second enclosure, outer fence is completed at the mid-16th century early in the 15th century. Each facility in castle including Tadashi is located along East-West axes and assumes the west the front. Point that assumes the west the front is one of the characteristics to have of Shurijo Castle. Because there was the history of long interchange with China and Japan, Shurijo Castle is affected by China and Japanese building culture everywhere. Tadashi and south palace, Kita are the representative examples.
It was the headquarters of administration "King Shuri prefecture" of the kingdom rule at the same time as Shurijo Castle was "the royal palace" where the king and the family lived in. In addition, through God women (dumplings) placed in each place, it was base of religious network which ran kingdom religious service (face). Furthermore, entertainment, music was played flourishingly at Shurijo Castle and the outskirts and there were many specialists in art, industrial arts and played an active part. Shurijo Castle was the center of culture art.
Shurijo Castle was used for Japanese army post, various schools in spring for 1,879 years (Meiji 12) after the king being ousted from Shurijo Castle, and having become "Okinawa". Large-scale repair was carried out in the 1930s, but was reduced to ashes by attack of U.S. forces in 1945. Ruins became campus of University of the Ryukyus after the war, but reconstruction business is promoted after university move and amounts at the present. Restored Shurijo Castle assumes the after 18th century model. In December, 2000, Shurijo Castle trace was registered with world heritage.
As for the history of Ryukyu kingdom for approximately 450 years, curtain was closed through "aggression of Satsuma" and two phases called "establishment of prefectures in place of feudal domains" (Ryukyu disposal).
In December, 2000, "Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu" was registered with cultural heritage as the eleventh world heritage in Japan.
Shurijo Castle which people of Shuri called "castle" (ugushiku) and looked up at with look of respect and affection once. It is history essay talking about trivia related to Shurijo Castle and the outskirts.
In Shurijo Castle conveying breath of Ryukyu in now, ceremony and party reminding me of former times are reproduced and invite all of you to the times of far-off Ryukyu kingdom.
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