• Home
  • Visitor Information
  • Event Information
  • Facilities
  • Access
  • FAQs
  • Inquiries

Tropical Dream Center

Bougainvillea

With bougainvillaea

18 kinds of progenitors are known to the same sort for shrub of marvel-of-Peru department native to South America or crane-related plant. We were discovered first in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil in the 1760s by French botanist firiberuto co-Merson. The name of bougainvillaea comes from Lewes de Bougainville of sailor who is his friend.
As for cultivated many kinds, hybrid and bud variations such as announcer mongrel Bhatti of three progenitors, gurabura (B.glabra Choisy), supekutabirisu (B.spectabilis Willd.), peruuiana (B.peruviana Humb.et Bonql) and gurabura and peruuiana (B. X buttiana) are considered to be the origin now. Range that we can cultivate and can cultivate in local Japan in Japan is unexpectedly wide, and, as for the announcer sun Deli class said to be native species in Okinawa, outdoor culture is possible to the south end of Izu Peninsula. But it is limited to area not to go down of frost in coastal place.

In Japan can cultivate; area

Range that we can cultivate in Japan is unexpectedly wide, and, as for the announcer sun Deli class said to be native species in Okinawa, outdoor culture is possible to the south end of Izu Peninsula. But it is limited to area not to go down of frost in coastal place.

Characteristic of flower

In looking like petal of bougainvillaea, leaf changed with bract (). In the case of unlined kimono coming out, three pieces of bracts become set, and flower is one, and there is slim cylindrical calyx of around 1-2cm in length on the pulse of bract central part to one piece of bract. One pistil has eight stamens in the inside of calyx (calyx).

As for the bract, form and size vary, and, as for the form, thing having a sharp point to acute angle like announcer sun Deli class, elliptic thing, thing which pink gradation suffers from in thing, white that purple shading off enters in thing, white that red pulse enters white, pink, red, purple, yellow, orange, white bract as for thing which relationship curls for the inside, the color of bract are really rich for change.

Characteristic of flower

Flowering sprout runs out on the bud (normal bud) in basal part of leafstalk.
Point of flower stalk swells out like this photograph. Bract unfolds from here. It is splinter without becoming flower on condition not to be suitable for the formation of flowering sprout such as high temperature or many days and remains.

Kind of bougainvillaea

Kind (B.glabra) of gurabura origin

gurabura B.glabra provides a lot of thin abnormally long branches in Brazilian origin and touches relatively small bract a lot. Kind to introduce here is told that gurabura was the origin.

announcer sun Deli (B.'Sanderiana')

It is called native species with representative thing of kind of gurabura origin in Okinawa. If it is coastal place where there is cold resistance, and there is not a frost in Honshu either, we grow to the south end of Izu Peninsula. Bract has a sharp point and is slightly opening and is shiny on leaf.

Kind (B.xbuttiana) of announcer Bhatti line

announcer Bhatti (B. X buttiana) points to 'married woman bat 'Mrs.Butt that gurabura (B.glabra) and peruuiana (B.peruviana) of progenitor did crossing, and many kinds such as blooming in double and red, yellow, orange are born from this type of bud variation.

Mrs. bat 'Mrs.Butt'

It became various kinds of bases. Flower stalk which there is as bract is dark red, and having been twisted a little is reddish.

Blooming in double

One fold of double kind of bougainvillaea has a smaller bract () than coming out, but is seen luxuriously to be gathered up much, and to be accompanied. Flower is one, but the number of bracts varies according to states of kind and stock, but, in the case of unlined kimono coming out, in the case of blooming in double, one flower which is small in photograph, and is inconspicuous has nearly 18 pieces of bracts to one piece of bract.

Wedding bouquet

Crimson enters the tip with white slightly.

[Others]

When we lengthen branch more and more and leave bougainvillaea, image becoming out of control is strong, but there are type to stand without branch growing too much among them, and to be gathered up by the nature compactly and type that leaf became small because we stand, and ramification a lot of bract endures type, drying looking up by the nature.

Candle

We stand, and ramification is gathered up by the nature on the tip of many branches, too and it blooms, but hides in leaf.

Variegation leaf

As for a lot of types of leaf of bougainvillaea with irregularity (fu), "inner irregularity" (uchifu) that "the outside irregularity" (sotofu) that (fu) enters enters at the inside is generally called "Sunako irregularity" (sunagofu) to enter innumerable punctation by relationship of leaf from entry that is spotted (fu).
These are time when flower does not bloom, but can enjoy beauty of leaf.

The outside spot

Red, white gurabura system

The outside spot

The outside spot

announcer white Bhatti system

The outside spot

The outside spot

announcer yellow Bhatti system

The outside spot

The outside spot

gurabura system

The outside spot

Mosaic spot

White peruuiana system

The outside spot

Inner irregularity

Mary Palmer' timma

The outside spot

Sunako spot

announcer yellow Bhatti system

The outside spot

Sunako spot

gurabura system

The outside spot

Way of raising of bougainvillaea

Growth is excellent, and bougainvillaea relatively has little damage of disease and pest and is plant which there are not sprinkling and thing that it dies when we fertilize and is easy to bring up in the case of garden tree.
On the other hand, we grow up, but when we remain and leave unattended, we extend branch to every direction and become out of control. Because there is sharper splinter; strong; become big job to prune. Therefore daily management work becomes important to let beautiful flower bloom more.

Property

Property

There may be flowering sprout in summer of many days period, but spring and summer of the short daytime period are urged on the formation of flowering sprout more. We call such a plant relative short-day plant, and hibiscus has such a property, too. Temperature suitable for the formation of flowering sprout is said to be 25-20 degrees Celsius, night 13-10 degrees Celsius in the daytime, and ... spring becomes flowering time in autumn in Okinawa. But flowering sprout is formed even in the summer when growth of stalk and phyllome is suppressed by drying.

Place

Place

We like sunny place. Flower tsukiga becomes bad when we put in the shade. We choose place getting light of the morning in the case of garden tree and plant.

Watering

We do it without seeing

It depends on state of tree, but fully gives reducing water at after transplantation and flowering time for period of growth in the summertime. It causes unripe fruit when we dry at flowering time.

Manure

Manure

In the case of potted plant, we give expensive fertilizer for phosphoric acid at the time of transplantation after flower is over, and it pruned at flowering time. It is said that you should give compound fertilizer to prevent leaf color from becoming thin at flowering time. In the case of garden tree, it is not particularly necessary.

The pruning

The pruning

We remove Manager of mischief branch which we did from part which we branched leaving around five pieces of leaves. Afterwards, we pick point of branch which came out in the same way as abnormally long branch and let branches and leaves further appear. We remove branch which had flower after the flowering.

Transplantation

Transplantation

We are said around once in three years, but transplant if bowl does roots are choked. We drop a one-third root bowl and transplant into slightly large bowl. If it is good soil of drainage, we do not choose transplantation Yodo in particular.

Bougainvillaea photo

  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea
  • Bougainvillea

The page top